Early Scope

  • JUser: :_load: Unable to load user with ID: 54

Ms. Mahmuda Akhter is the Executive Director of the Institute of Child and Human Development since February, 2012. From 2005 to 2012 January she was the Head of Early Childhood Development Resource Centre at the Institute of Educational Development, BRAC University. She is also a Member of Asia Pacific Regional Network for Early Childhood (ARNEC) Steering Committee and General Secretary, Bangladesh ECD Network since 2005. She worked on Early Childhood Care and Development Program of Plan Bangladesh since 1997. She is involved with government’s ECD policy making forums, Inclusive Education Consultative Group and designed and published about 20 resource books on Child Development

Under her guidance significant number of researches has been conducted in the field of ECD. She had a lead role in designing and developing the Post Graduate Certificate, Diploma and Masters Degree Program in Early Childhood Development jointly with Columbia University USA and Open Society Institute London in Bangladesh under BRAC University. She has been nominated as one of the members of the Committee on formulation of Pre-primary curriculum guideline and ECD policy, constituted by the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME) and Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MOWCA). Recently she did the Mapping of Pre-Primary Education in Bangladesh 2012.She also worked as consultant conducted a desk review study of Asia Pacific Network for Early Childhood on Transition from Home to Pre-Primary and Pre-Primary/Home to Primary School.

Under her leadership the following research studies have been conducted.
ECD in Emergency: Understanding the required capacity in ECCD and DRR for particular communities in a disaster prone district of Bangladesh in collaboration with Macquarie University, Australia.

A Mapping Exercise on Bangladesh Country Profiles for Early Childhood in collaboration with Asia Pacific Regional Network for Early Childhood (ARNEC).

Despite differences in culture, religion and government, countries in the Asia-Pacific have a shared interest and growing passion transcending ethnic and national groups and boundaries in expanding ECD programs and services. A detailed discussion on each country’s efforts and challenges it faces to universalize ECCD programs and services without compromising quality is presented in the 2011 SEAMEO INNOTECH Report on ECCD Quality Assurance in Southeast Asia.  ARNEC (2011) has recognized a few noteworthy programmes in the field of ECD. There are certainly much more noteworthy practices in the Asia- Pacific region . Each of these programmes has a unique strength.


According to ARNEC (2011), a noteworthy practice is a programme, initiative or project that has shown initial promise and effectiveness in responding to a particular need of young children (conception to 8years), and that can serve as an inspiring model for other actors. 

ARNEC (2011) defines specific characteristics of noteworthy practices as following:
•    Noteworthy practices are useful and practical; they answer a specific need;
•    Noteworthy practices show initial effectiveness in addressing the need;
•    Noteworthy practices promote holistic responses and empower disadvantaged and excluded groups of children;
•    Noteworthy practices mobilize parents and communities to support children’s care and development;
•    Noteworthy practices are cost effective and are sustainable over time; they have a clear and realistic sustainability plan

In Sri Lanka, Plantation Rural Education and Development Organization (PREDO), the objective of the programme is to educate the parents, especially pregnant mothers, of the importance of ECCD, preschool education, and health and nutrition of the child.

In India, Mobile Crèches focuses on services/programmes for children under 6 years, with special emphasis on the urban poor child and the migrant child in slums and construction sites.

Bodh ShikshaSamiti is a Rajasthan NGO pioneering innovative approaches